From August to September 2004, the Archaeological and Ethnologic Institute of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences conducted archaeological excavations in the Plovdagh-II necropolis, situated in Ordubad, Nakhchivan Autonomous Region of Azerbaijan. As a result of the excavations a sensational finding was made in the central part of the necropolis – a grave belonging to a woman warrior in kurgan No 6, located at the centre of the site! A quiver, arrowheads, arrow shafts, a helmet and other decorative items were discovered in the grave. These type of findings shed a new light upon the findings made in 1926 by Soviet archaeologists, who thought these graves belonged to men. Labryses (amazon axes) belonging to the Amazons, clay moulds, labrys shaped necklaces, shields and numerous other decorative and warfare-related artifacts were discovered in the South Caucasus in great numbers. Most of them are dated from the 3rd-1st millennia B.C. Petroglyphs in Gobustan which was declared World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO show women on horseback hunting animals and fighting enemies. After 40 years of research carried out in Gobustan, Azerbaijani archaeologist I.Jafarzadeh came to the conclusion that “The tribal leaders in those times were women”,based on evidence collected from the “Ana Zaga” (“Mothers’ Cave”) in Gobustan.